Mkomazi National Reserve (3,200 km²) is the youngest park in Tanzania (2008). Located in the north-east of the country on the Kenyan Border, it was established as a Game Reserve in 1951. In the 1970s and 80s, Mkomazi’s wildlife and habitat deteriorated significantly through invasion by livestock and heavy poaching.
This included the loss of all resident black rhino and virtually all the elephant. In 1989, a rehabilitation programme for Mkomazi was initiated including restoration of habitat and re-introduction and breeding programmes for the highly endangered wild dog and black rhinoceros. It is also an important bird area with several northern dry country endemics.
Mkomazi National Reserve has stunning scenery with amazing views of Mount Kilimanjaro. It is dominated by Acacia-Commiphora vegetation; and it is contiguous with Kenya’s Tsavo East National Park.
The best time to go for large game viewing and bird watching is between late June and early September. The park’s scenic beauty reaches its peak between March and June.